Effect of Alloying Elements on the Texture and the Anisotropy of the Mechanical Properties of Magnesium Alloys with REE, Lithium, and AluminumFriday (10.11.2017) 09:35 - 09:55 Part of:
The formation of the texture and the anisotropy of the mechanical properties in extruded rods of
alloys MA5(Mg-Al-Zn), MA18, MA21 (both Mg-Li) and also Mg–Y–based and Mg–Y–Ce–based alloys are studied by X-ray diffraction and the measurement of the hardness and the tensile and compressive properties. It is shown that the magnesium alloys can be separated into three groups according to the anisotropy of the mechanical properties. The first group consists of the alloys not containing rare-earth metals and lithium, and the second group is the alloys with yttrium for which the yield strength in the axial direction of the rods are significantly higher than those in the transverse direction. The alloys of the first group demonstrate a substantial excess of the yield strength in the axial direction in the tension tests as compared to those in compression tests, and the second group alloys do not demonstrate such a difference. The cerium- and lithium-containing alloys (the third group) exhibit a weak anisotropy of the strength properties. A method for estimating the anisotropy of the strength properties is developed on the basis of calculation of the Sachs factors for basal slip averaged over all orientations of crystallites, and a quantitative method is developed for determining the phase composition by measuring the solid solution lattice parameter.